Interleukin-7-dependent interaction of dendritic epidermal t cells with keratinocytes

A. Takashima, H. Matsue, P. R. Bergstresser, K. Ariizumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dendritic epidermal T cells (DETC), a member of the epithelial tissue-type γδ T-cell family, are characterized by their exclusive residence within mouse epidermis, their dendritic morphology, and their monoclonal nature in the T-cell-receptor configuration. Here we review our recent studies on the interleukin (IL)-7-dependent interaction of DETC with neighboring keratinocytes. Keratinocytes express constitutively the mRNAs for IL-7 and secrete biologically relevant amounts of IL-7. This cytokine, in turn, serves as a growth factor for DETC, as evidenced by the proliferative responses to recombinant or keratinocyte-derived IL-7 of the 7-17 DETC line and of DETC freshly purified from mouse skin. The 7-17 DETC line undergoes apoptotic cell death in response to external stimuli known to deplete DETC in situ (e.g., ultraviolet B radiation or corticosteroid treatment), and IL-7 prevents this apoptosis, thereby promoting long-term survival. These results document the crucial role played by IL-7 in maintaining the survival and growth of DETC in epidermis. IL-7 mRNA expression in keratinocytes is abrogated by ultraviolet B radiation, whereas it is up-regulated by interferon-γ, which is secreted by DETC upon activation. More specifically, interferon-γ induces the preferential expression of truncated forms (2.6 and 1.5 kb) of IL-7 transcripts, in addition to the 2.9- and 1.7-kb transcripts that are expressed constitutively, and this regulation occurs through the usage of alternative transcription initiation sites. These results suggest unique pathways through which IL-7 production is regulated in keratinocytes by external stimuli (e.g., ultraviolet B) as well as T-cell-derived cytokines (e.g., interferon-γ). We propose that keratinocyte-derived IL-7 is an essential component of the epidermal cytokine milieu.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume105
Issue number1 SUPPL.
StatePublished - 1995

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Interleukin-7
T-cells
Langerhans Cells
Keratinocytes
T-Lymphocytes
Interferons
Cytokines
Epidermis
Radiation
Cell Line
Messenger RNA
Transcription Initiation Site
Cell death
T-Cell Antigen Receptor
Epidermal Growth Factor
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Skin
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Cell Death
Epithelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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Interleukin-7-dependent interaction of dendritic epidermal t cells with keratinocytes. / Takashima, A.; Matsue, H.; Bergstresser, P. R.; Ariizumi, K.

In: Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Vol. 105, No. 1 SUPPL., 1995.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Dendritic epidermal T cells (DETC), a member of the epithelial tissue-type γδ T-cell family, are characterized by their exclusive residence within mouse epidermis, their dendritic morphology, and their monoclonal nature in the T-cell-receptor configuration. Here we review our recent studies on the interleukin (IL)-7-dependent interaction of DETC with neighboring keratinocytes. Keratinocytes express constitutively the mRNAs for IL-7 and secrete biologically relevant amounts of IL-7. This cytokine, in turn, serves as a growth factor for DETC, as evidenced by the proliferative responses to recombinant or keratinocyte-derived IL-7 of the 7-17 DETC line and of DETC freshly purified from mouse skin. The 7-17 DETC line undergoes apoptotic cell death in response to external stimuli known to deplete DETC in situ (e.g., ultraviolet B radiation or corticosteroid treatment), and IL-7 prevents this apoptosis, thereby promoting long-term survival. These results document the crucial role played by IL-7 in maintaining the survival and growth of DETC in epidermis. IL-7 mRNA expression in keratinocytes is abrogated by ultraviolet B radiation, whereas it is up-regulated by interferon-γ, which is secreted by DETC upon activation. More specifically, interferon-γ induces the preferential expression of truncated forms (2.6 and 1.5 kb) of IL-7 transcripts, in addition to the 2.9- and 1.7-kb transcripts that are expressed constitutively, and this regulation occurs through the usage of alternative transcription initiation sites. These results suggest unique pathways through which IL-7 production is regulated in keratinocytes by external stimuli (e.g., ultraviolet B) as well as T-cell-derived cytokines (e.g., interferon-γ). We propose that keratinocyte-derived IL-7 is an essential component of the epidermal cytokine milieu.",
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N2 - Dendritic epidermal T cells (DETC), a member of the epithelial tissue-type γδ T-cell family, are characterized by their exclusive residence within mouse epidermis, their dendritic morphology, and their monoclonal nature in the T-cell-receptor configuration. Here we review our recent studies on the interleukin (IL)-7-dependent interaction of DETC with neighboring keratinocytes. Keratinocytes express constitutively the mRNAs for IL-7 and secrete biologically relevant amounts of IL-7. This cytokine, in turn, serves as a growth factor for DETC, as evidenced by the proliferative responses to recombinant or keratinocyte-derived IL-7 of the 7-17 DETC line and of DETC freshly purified from mouse skin. The 7-17 DETC line undergoes apoptotic cell death in response to external stimuli known to deplete DETC in situ (e.g., ultraviolet B radiation or corticosteroid treatment), and IL-7 prevents this apoptosis, thereby promoting long-term survival. These results document the crucial role played by IL-7 in maintaining the survival and growth of DETC in epidermis. IL-7 mRNA expression in keratinocytes is abrogated by ultraviolet B radiation, whereas it is up-regulated by interferon-γ, which is secreted by DETC upon activation. More specifically, interferon-γ induces the preferential expression of truncated forms (2.6 and 1.5 kb) of IL-7 transcripts, in addition to the 2.9- and 1.7-kb transcripts that are expressed constitutively, and this regulation occurs through the usage of alternative transcription initiation sites. These results suggest unique pathways through which IL-7 production is regulated in keratinocytes by external stimuli (e.g., ultraviolet B) as well as T-cell-derived cytokines (e.g., interferon-γ). We propose that keratinocyte-derived IL-7 is an essential component of the epidermal cytokine milieu.

AB - Dendritic epidermal T cells (DETC), a member of the epithelial tissue-type γδ T-cell family, are characterized by their exclusive residence within mouse epidermis, their dendritic morphology, and their monoclonal nature in the T-cell-receptor configuration. Here we review our recent studies on the interleukin (IL)-7-dependent interaction of DETC with neighboring keratinocytes. Keratinocytes express constitutively the mRNAs for IL-7 and secrete biologically relevant amounts of IL-7. This cytokine, in turn, serves as a growth factor for DETC, as evidenced by the proliferative responses to recombinant or keratinocyte-derived IL-7 of the 7-17 DETC line and of DETC freshly purified from mouse skin. The 7-17 DETC line undergoes apoptotic cell death in response to external stimuli known to deplete DETC in situ (e.g., ultraviolet B radiation or corticosteroid treatment), and IL-7 prevents this apoptosis, thereby promoting long-term survival. These results document the crucial role played by IL-7 in maintaining the survival and growth of DETC in epidermis. IL-7 mRNA expression in keratinocytes is abrogated by ultraviolet B radiation, whereas it is up-regulated by interferon-γ, which is secreted by DETC upon activation. More specifically, interferon-γ induces the preferential expression of truncated forms (2.6 and 1.5 kb) of IL-7 transcripts, in addition to the 2.9- and 1.7-kb transcripts that are expressed constitutively, and this regulation occurs through the usage of alternative transcription initiation sites. These results suggest unique pathways through which IL-7 production is regulated in keratinocytes by external stimuli (e.g., ultraviolet B) as well as T-cell-derived cytokines (e.g., interferon-γ). We propose that keratinocyte-derived IL-7 is an essential component of the epidermal cytokine milieu.

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