Intermediate Endpoints After Postprostatectomy Radiotherapy: 5-Year Distant Metastasis to Predict Overall Survival [Figure presented]

William C. Jackson, Krithika Suresh, Vasu Tumati, Steven G. Allen, Robert T. Dess, Simpa S. Salami, Arvin George, Samuel D. Kaffenberger, David C. Miller, Jason W.D. Hearn, Shruti Jolly, Rohit Mehra, Brent K. Hollenbeck, Ganesh S. Palapattu, Matthew Schipper, Felix Y. Feng, Todd M. Morgan, Neil B. Desai, Daniel E. Spratt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Intermediate clinical endpoints (ICEs) prognostic for overall survival (OS) are needed for men receiving postprostatectomy radiation therapy (PORT) to improve clinical trial design. Objective: To identify a potential ICE for men receiving PORT. Design, setting, and participants: We performed an institutional review board–approved multi-institutional retrospective study of 566 men consecutively treated with PORT at tertiary care centers from 1986 to 2013. The median follow-up was 8.2 yr. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Biochemical failure (BF), distant metastases (DM), and castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) were evaluated for correlation with OS and assessed as time-dependent variables in a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model and in landmark analyses at 1, 3, 5, and 7 yr after PORT. Cross-validated concordance (c) indices were used to assess model discrimination. Results and limitations: OS at 1, 3, 5, and 7 yr after PORT was 98%, 95%, 90%, and 82%, respectively. In a time-varying model controlling for clinical and pathologic variables, BF (hazard ratio [HR] 2.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.45–3.71; p < 0.001), DM (HR 6.52, 95% CI 4.20–10.1; p < 0.001), and CRPC (HR 2.47, 95% CI 1.56–3.92; p < 0.001) were associated with OS. In landmark analyses, 5-yr DM had the highest c index when adjusting for baseline covariates (0.78), with 5-yr DM also providing the greatest increase in discriminatory power over a model only including baseline covariates. These findings require validation in prospective randomized data. Conclusions: While limited by the retrospective nature of the data, 5-yr DM is associated with lower OS following PORT, outperforming the prognostic capability of BF and CRPC at 1, 3, 5, or 7 yr after treatment. Confirmation of this ICE as a surrogate for OS is needed from randomized trial data so that it can be incorporated into future clinical trial design. Patient summary: We assessed potential intermediate clinical endpoints prognostic for overall survival in a cohort of men receiving radiotherapy after prostatectomy. We identified the development of metastatic disease within 5 yr after treatment as the strongest predictor of overall survival. We assessed potential intermediate clinical endpoints prognostic for overall survival in a cohort of men receiving radiotherapy after prostatectomy. We identified the development of metastatic disease within 5 yr after treatment as the strongest predictor of overall survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-419
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean urology
Volume74
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Intermediate clinical endpoint
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostatectomy
  • Radiation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Intermediate Endpoints After Postprostatectomy Radiotherapy: 5-Year Distant Metastasis to Predict Overall Survival [Figure presented]'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Jackson, W. C., Suresh, K., Tumati, V., Allen, S. G., Dess, R. T., Salami, S. S., George, A., Kaffenberger, S. D., Miller, D. C., Hearn, J. W. D., Jolly, S., Mehra, R., Hollenbeck, B. K., Palapattu, G. S., Schipper, M., Feng, F. Y., Morgan, T. M., Desai, N. B., & Spratt, D. E. (2018). Intermediate Endpoints After Postprostatectomy Radiotherapy: 5-Year Distant Metastasis to Predict Overall Survival [Figure presented]. European urology, 74(4), 413-419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2017.12.023