Background: Intraoperative intravascular volume expansion with hydroxyethyl starch-based colloids is thought to be associated with an increased risk of post-craniotomy hemorrhage. Evidence for this association is limited. Associations between resuscitation with hydroxyethyl starch and risk of repeat craniotomy for hematoma evacuation were examined. Methods: Using a retrospective cohort of neurosurgical patients at Duke University Medical Center between March 2005 and March 2012, patient characteristics were compared between those who developed post-craniotomy hemorrhage and those who did not. Results: A total of 4,109 craniotomy procedures were analyzed with 61 patients having repeat craniotomy for post-operative hemorrhage (1.5%). The rate of reoperation in the group receiving 6% High Molecular Weight Hydroxyethyl Starch (Hextend®) was 2.6 vs. 1.3% for patients that did not receive hetastarch (P = 0.13). The reoperation rate for those receiving 6% hydroxyethyl Starch 130/0.4 (Voluven®) was 1.4 vs. 1.6% in patients not receiving Voluven (P = 0.85). Conclusions: In this retrospective cohort, intra-operative hydroxyethyl starch was not associated with an increased risk of post-craniotomy hemorrhage.
- Hydroxyethyl starch
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