Aims: In addition to an adjunctive imaging platform during coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) with Virtual Histology™ (VH) is increasingly being used to quantify coronary atherosclerosis. The relationship between VH-IVUS measures of coronary atherosclerosis and traditional cardiovascular risk factors has not been completely described. The objective of this study was to determine if an association exists between VH-IVUS measures of coronary atherosclerosis and the Framingham risk score in a prospective, multinational registry. Methods and results: Patients enrolled from 2004-2006 at 37 multinational centres in the prospective VH-IVUS Global Registry were analysed. All subjects underwent diagnostic coronary angiography followed by IVUS. A Framingham risk score (FRS) was calculated for each subject, then stratified into three exclusive estimates (<10%, 10-19%, or ≥20%) for future coronary heart disease (CHD) event risk over 10 years. Among 531 patients, plaque volume of the most diseased 10 mm segment increased with increasing FRS (P=0.006, adjusted for multiple comparisons). Patients with higher FRS estimates of CHD risk had a higher proportion of plaque classified as thin cap fibroatheroma compared with patients in the middle and lower risk score categories (21.4% vs 15.2% and 11.3%, respectively, P=0.008, adjusted for multiple comparisons). Conclusions: Using data from a large, multinational VH-IVUS registry we describe an association between the Framingham risk score and VH-IVUS measures of atherosclerosis within the most diseased 10 mm segment, namely plaque volume and the proportion of thin cap fibroatheroma.
- Coronary heart disease
- Intravascular ultrasound
- Vulneable plaque
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine