Objectives: Evaluate the short-term effects of IV epoprostenol in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) of the newborn. Study Design: We reviewed 36 patients with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) refractory PPHN placed on IV epoprostenol from 2010 to 2015. Patients were categorized as responders or non-responders (who either died or required extracorporeal membranous oxygenation). Results: There were 15 responders and 21 non-responders. Pulmonary hypoplasia was the etiology of PPHN for 57% of non-responders vs. 13% of responders. Median oxygenation index (OI) was similar at baseline (41.8 non-responders vs. 36.5 responders, p = 0.41) with responders having a significantly lower OI by 4 h of treatment (42.3 vs. 23.1, p = 0.002). Epoprostenol responders had a median OI decrease of 11.6 within 4 h (p = 0.017) with a significant response persisting through 24 h. Conclusion: In infants with iNO-refractory PPHN, initiation of IV epoprostenol was associated with a significant and rapid OI reduction among responders.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology