Intrinsic aerobic capacity impacts susceptibility to acute high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis

E. Matthew Morris, Matthew R. Jackman, Ginger C. Johnson, Tzu Wen Liu, Jordan L. Lopez, Monica L. Kearney, Justin A. Fletcher, Grace M.E. Meers, Lauren G. Koch, Stephen L. Britton, R. Scott Rector, Jamal A. Ibdah, Paul S. MacLean, John P. Thyfault

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aerobic capacity/fitness significantly impacts susceptibility for fatty liver and diabetes, but the mechanisms remain unknown. Herein, we utilized rats selectively bred for high (HCR) and low (LCR) intrinsic aerobic capacity to examine the mechanisms by which aerobic capacity impacts metabolic vulnerability for fatty liver following a 3-day high-fat diet (HFD). Indirect calorimetry assessment of energy metabolism combined with radiolabeled dietary food was employed to examine systemic metabolism in combination with ex vivo measurements of hepatic lipid oxidation. The LCR, but not HCR, displayed increased hepatic lipid accumulation in response to the HFD despite both groups increasing energy intake. However, LCR rats had a greater increase in energy intake and demonstrated greater daily weight gain and percent body fat due to HFD compared with HCR. Additionally, total energy expenditure was higher in the larger LCR. However, controlling for the difference in body weight, the LCR has lower resting energy expenditure compared with HCR. Importantly, respiratory quotient was significantly higher during the HFD in the LCR compared with HCR, suggesting reduced whole body lipid utilization in the LCR. This was confirmed by the observed lower whole body dietary fatty acid oxidation in LCR compared with HCR. Furthermore, LCR liver homogenate and isolated mitochondria showed lower complete fatty acid oxidation compared with HCR. We conclude that rats bred for low intrinsic aerobic capacity show greater susceptibility for dietary-induced hepatic steatosis, which is associated with a lower energy expenditure and reduced whole body and hepatic mitochondrial lipid oxidation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E355-E364
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume307
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Energy expenditure
  • Energy intake
  • Fatty liver
  • Fitness
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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