Invariance in the MMPI's Component Structure

I. H. Bernstein, G. Teng, B. D. Grannemann, C. P. Garbin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bernstein and Garbin (1985b) suggested that the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory's major clinical scales (excluding Scales ? and 5) can be approximated by an oblique three-component structure: (a) Profile Elevation, (b) Test-taking Attitudes, and (c) Optimism-Pessimism, collectively termed the salient weight model. In this study, we found that both this model and the MMPI's principal component structure remain invariant across race, sex, and, as previously noted, context of testing (job applicants vs. inmates in correctional institutions). We further noted that several alternative definitions of Profile Elevation provide equally satisfactory representation of the relations among the scales. This factor invariance is necessary, but not sufficient, for the MMPI to be viewed as unbiased.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)522-531
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1987

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Bernstein, I. H., Teng, G., Grannemann, B. D., & Garbin, C. P. (1987). Invariance in the MMPI's Component Structure. Journal of Personality Assessment, 51(4), 522-531. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5104_4