Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is associated with risk factors for ischemic stroke including cardiac arrhythmias and heart failure. However, few long-term follow-up data exist on ischemic stroke risk and associated mortality in adults with CHD. Methods and Results: Using Danish nationwide registries, we identified individuals aged ≥18 years diagnosed with CHD, at any age, from 1963 to 2017 and a sex and birth year-matched (1:10) general population comparison cohort. We computed risks, as well as sex and birth year-adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) for ischemic stroke and 30-day post-stroke mortality in CHD adults compared with the general population. Analyses were stratified according to age <60 years (young) and ≥60 years (older). We identified 16 836 adults with CHD. The risk of ischemic stroke at age 60 years was 7.4% in the CHD cohort and 2.9% in the general population cohort. The adjusted hazard ratios for ischemic stroke compared with the general population was 3.8 (95% CI: 3.3–4.3) in young CHD adults and 1.6 (95% CI: 1.4–1.9) in older CHD adults. The adjusted hazard ratios for post-stroke mortality compared with the general population was 2.3 (95% CI: 1.2–4.4) in young CHD adults and 1.3 (95% CI: 0.9–1.9) in older CHD adults. Conclusions: Both younger and older CHD adults have an increased risk of ischemic stroke and by 60 years of age 7.4% of CHD adults will have had an ischemic stroke. Post-stroke mortality was also increased in CHD adults compared with the general population.
- congenital heart disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine