Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) was induced over 50-fold after x irradiation in radioresistant human melanoma cells (Boothman et al., Cancer Res. 51, 5587-5595, 1991). Activities of t-PA were induced 14-fold in ataxia telangiectasia, 9-fold in Bloom's syndrome and 6-fold in Fanconi's anemia cells, compared to normal human fibroblasts (Fukunaga et al., Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 24, 949-957, 1992). X-ray-inducible synthesis of the protease, t-PA, may play a role(s) in damage-inducible repair processes in mammalian cells, similar to the SOS repair systems in lower eukaryotes and prokaryotes. DNA band shift and DNase I footprinting assays were used to determine binding if transcription factors to a previously unknown X-ray- responsive element (XRE) in the t-PA promoter. The major goals of our research with XREs are to understand (a) which transcription factor(s) regulates t-PA induction after X rays, and (b) the role(s) of t-PA in DNA repair, apoptosis or other responses to X rays. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the potential use of an XRE, such as the one in the t-PA promoter, for gene radiotherapy. Several gene therapy strategies are proposed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging