Lack of uniformity in reporting autoimmune gastritis among a diverse group of pathologists

M. Suzanne Bloomquist, John Powell, Ramya P. Masand, Deepti Dhall, Dipti M. Karamchandani, Shilpa Jain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autoimmune gastritis (AIG) is a clinicopathologic diagnosis requiring characteristic histopathology and correlation with laboratory work-up. To better understand how the diagnosis of AIG is made and reported in the pathology community, we conducted an anonymous web-based survey which was circulated among a diverse group of pathologists. Excluding trainees there were 64 respondents: 25 academic gastrointestinal pathologists (AGI, 39%), 22 academic general pathologists (AGP, 34%), 17 private general pathologists (PP, 27%). Our survey results highlighted variations in work-up and sign-out practices. The type of metaplasia needed to diagnose AIG lacked consensus. There was variation in accurate interpretation of immunostains with a trend towards more accurate diagnosis of enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell hyperplasia by AGI (92%) and AGP (95%) than PP (71%) (p = 0.07). G-cells in antrum on neuroendocrine immunostain, a mimicker of ECL cell hyperplasia, was more frequently misdiagnosed by PP/ AGP (44%), versus AGI (12%) (p = 0.02). A triple immunostain panel (H. pylori, neuroendocrine, gastrin) was used in the work-up of AIG by 72% of AGI versus 23% AGP and 12% PP (p = 0.000061). The less-specific term “atrophic gastritis” was used in the diagnostic line more by respondents with >10 years sign-out experience compared with others (p = 0.04). In conclusion, the survey results highlighted deficiencies in the interpretation of neuroendocrine immunostains which is crucial for AIG diagnosis, as well as variation in reporting practices and definitions. Uniform criteria and terminology are needed in this field to improve communication with clinicians, resulting in appropriate testing and follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number151840
JournalAnnals of Diagnostic Pathology
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atrophic gastritis
  • Autoimmune gastritis
  • Autoimmune metaplastic atrophic gastritis
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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