We tested the hypothesis that activation of the 12-lipoxygenase (12-LO) pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism contributes to the protective effect of protein kinase C (PKC) activation and ischémie preconditioning (PC), and we report, in perfused rat heart, that both PC and the PKC activator 1,2-dioctanoyl-sw-glycerol (DOG) confer a similar protective effect and stimulate a comparable accumulation of 12-LO metabolites. The 12-LO product, 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid [12(S)-HETE], was increased in DOG-treated (22.8 ±4.4 ng/g wet wt) and PC hearts (26.8 ±5.5 ng/g wet wt) compared with control (13.8 ± 2.1 ng/g wet wt, P < 0.05), and this increase was blocked by 12-LO or PKC inhibitors. Both DOG pretreatment and PC improved recovery of left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) nearly twofold after 20 min of ischemia; this improvement was blocked by 12-LO inhibitors and was mimicked by infusion of 12-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid [12(S)HpETE; 67 ±6% recovery of LVDP vs. 35 ±3% for untreated hearts]. Also, the protection afforded by 12(S)-HpETE, as well as by PC, was attenuated by the K+-channel blocker 5-hydroxydecanoate, suggesting that the downstream mechanisms of 12(S)-HpETE-mediated protection are similar to PC. Furthermore, PC stimulates 12-LO metabolism in perfused rabbit heart, and 12-LO inhibition blocks PC-induced cardioprotection. Thus the data suggest that 12-LO metabolism plays an important role in cardioprotection. 12-lipoxygenase; 12(S)-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid; eicosanoids.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology|
|Issue number||6 PART 2|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)