Long Term 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 Therapy in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: Demonstration of Responsive and Nonresponsive Subgroups

J. E. Zerwekh, K. Sakhaee, K. Glass, C. Y C Pak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3) therapy is effective in raising the impaired intestinal calcium absorption (α) associated with postmenopausal osteoporosis. In the present study we have assessed the effects of long term 25-OHD3 therapy (50 ¼g/day; mean treatment period, 1.3 yr) in 12 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (mean age, 62.5 yr). Our results indicate that there was a significant increase in a for the group during therapy. However, we found that the patients could be divided into 2 groups based upon their ability to raise a in response to 25OHD3 therapy. In those who responded (n = 7), a increased from 0.36 ± 0.05 to 0.49 ± 0.08 (±SD; P < 0.005) while no significant change was observed for the nonresponders (0.44 ± 0.03 to 0.48 ± 0.07). During therapy, there were significant increases in serum 25OHD and 24, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D [24, 25-(OH)2D] for both groups. Serum 1, 25-(OH)2D significantly increased in the responders (21 ± 8 to 39 ± 13 pg/ml; P < 0.01), but not in nonresponders (25 ± 11 to 28 ± 8 pg/ml). Betweengroup comparisons for responders vs. nonresponders before therapy disclosed significant reductions in 24, 25-(OH)2D (0.4 ± 0.3 vs. 2.2 ± 0.8 ng/ml; P < 0.005) and α (0.36 ± 0.05 vs. 0.44 ± 0.03; P < 0.01). During therapy, there were no significant differences in any parameter between the two groups, except for serum 1, 25-(0H)2D which was significantly higher in the responders (39 ± 13 vs. 28 ± 8 pg/ml; P < 0.05). These data would suggest that in postmenopausal osteoporosis, the ability to raise a in response to 25OHD3 therapy is due in part to increases in serum 1, 25-(0H)2D during therapy. This suggests that in some patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis, renal 25OHD3-la-hydroxylase may be impaired.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-413
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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