Long-term outcomes after revision neural decompression and fusion for same-level recurrent lumbar stenosis: Defining the effectiveness of surgery

Stephen K. Mendenhall, Scott L. Parker, Owoicho Adogwa, David N. Shau, Joseph Cheng, Oran Aaronson, Clinton J. Devin, Matthew J. McGirt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Design: Single-cohort study of patients undergoing revision neural decompression and fusion for same-level recurrent lumbar stenosis.

Objective: To assess the long-term outcomes of revision surgery using validated patient-reported outcomes measures.

Summary of Background Data: Recurrent lumbar stenosis may occur after lumbar spine surgery, leading to significant discomfort and radicular pain. Although numerous studies have reported clinical outcomes after primary lumbar surgery, there remains a paucity of data on the outcomes after revision surgery for recurrent same-level stenosis.

Methods: Fifty-three patients undergoing revision neural decompression and instrumented fusion for same-level recurrent stenosis-associated back and leg pain were included in this study. Baseline and 2-year visual analog scale for leg pain (LP-VAS), visual analog scale for low back pain (BP-VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Zung self-reported depression score (ZDS), time to narcotic independence, time to return to work, health-state utility [EuroQol (EQ-5D)], and physical and mental quality of life [SF-12 physical and mental component scores (PCS and MCS)] were assessed.

Results: Mean ± SD duration of time between index surgery and revision surgery was 4.00 ± 4.19 years. A significant improvement from baseline was observed in BP-VAS (9.28 ± 1.01 vs. 5.00 ± 2.94, P = 0.001), LP-VAS (9.55 ± 0.93 vs. 3.45 ± 2.95, P = 0.001), and ODI (36.02 ± 6.01 vs. 21.75 ± 12.08, P = 0.001). Mean ± SD SF-12 PCS (7.17 ± 11.22, P = 0.001), SF-12 MCS (12.57 ± 13.03, P = 0.001), ZDS (12.37 ± 16.80, P = 0.001), and EQ-5D (0.42 ± 0.34, P = 0.001) were also significantly improved. The mean cumulative 2-year gain in health-utility state was 0.84 QALY. Median (interquartile range) duration of postoperative narcotic use was 6 (1.4-12.2) months and time of missed work was 6 (4.0-10.0) months.

Conclusions: Our study suggests that revision neural decompression and instrumented fusion for recurrent same-level stenosis provides significant improvement in all patient-assessed outcome metrics and should be offered as a viable treatment option.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-357
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 8 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Revision surgery
  • Spine
  • Stenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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