Long-Term Results of a Phase 1 Dose-Escalation Trial and Subsequent Institutional Experience of Single-Fraction Stereotactic Ablative Radiation Therapy for Liver Metastases

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Abstract

Purpose: We report long-term outcomes from our phase 1 dose-escalation study to determine the maximum tolerated dose of single-fraction liver SABR pooled with our subsequent single institutional experience with patients treated postprotocol at the highest dose level (40 Gy) established from the phase 1 study. Methods and Materials: Patients with liver metastases from solid tumors located outside of the central liver zone were treated with single-fraction SABR on a phase 1 dose escalation trial. At least 700 cc of normal liver had to receive <9.1 Gy. Seven patients with 10 liver metastases received the initial prescription dose of 35 Gy, and dose was then escalated to 40 Gy for 7 more patients with 7 liver metastases. An additional 19 postprotocol patients with 22 liver metastases were treated to 40 Gy in a single fraction. Patients were followed for toxicity and underwent serial imaging to assess local control. Results: Median imaging follow-up for the combined cohort (n = 33, 39 lesions) was 25.9 months; 38.9 months for protocol patients and 20.2 months for postprotocol patients. Median lesion size was 2.0 cm (range, 0.5-5.0 cm). There were no dose-limiting toxicities observed for protocol patients, and only 3 grade 2 toxicities were observed in the entire cohort, with no grade ≥3 toxicities attributable to treatment. Four-year actuarial local control of irradiated lesions in the entire cohort was 96.6%, 100% in the protocol group and 92.9% in the subsequent patients. Two-year overall survival for all treated patients was 82.0%. Conclusions: For selected patients with liver metastases, single-fraction SABR at doses of 35 and 40 Gy was safe and well-tolerated, and shows excellent local control with long-term follow-up; results in subsequent patients treated with single-fraction SABR doses of 40 Gy confirmed our earlier results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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