Resonancia magnética en la planificación de la braquiterapia intracavitaria para el tratamiento del cáncer de cérvix localmente avanzado

Translated title of the contribution: Magnetic resonance imaging for planning intracavitary brachytherapy for the treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cervical cancer is the third most common gynecological cancer. Its treatment depends on tumor staging at the time of diagnosis, and a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is the treatment of choice in locally advanced cervical cancers. The combined use of external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy increases survival in these patients. Brachytherapy enables a larger dose of radiation to be delivered to the tumor with less toxicity for neighboring tissues with less toxicity for neighboring tissues compared to the use of external beam radiotherapy alone. For years, brachytherapy was planned exclusively using computed tomography (CT). The recent incorporation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides essential information about the tumor and neighboring structures making possible to better define the target volumes. Nevertheless, MRI has limitations, some of which can be compensated for by fusing CT and MRI. Fusing the images from the two techniques ensures optimal planning by combining the advantages of each technique.

Translated title of the contributionMagnetic resonance imaging for planning intracavitary brachytherapy for the treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)16-25
Number of pages10
JournalRadiologia
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Brachytherapy
  • Cervical cancer
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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