Management of obstructive sleep apnea in children: A practical approach

Kevin D. Pereira, Cindy K. Jon, Peter Szmuk, Rande H. Lazar, Ron B. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The management of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children differs between institutions, and there is a need for an updated review of current practice. Literature was reviewed using the PubMed database from 1995 to 2015 by four tertiary care providers experienced in the management of children with SDB. Articles were selected for clinical applicability, strength of evidence, and practicality for practicing clinicians. Fifty-five articles were identified by tertiary care providers in pediatric anesthesiology, pediatric pulmonology, sleep medicine, and pediatric otolaryngology. Each reviewed and analyzed literature independently based on their specialties, and a consensus document was created. The consensus was that the majority of children with SDB do not undergo polysomnography (PSG) before adenotonsillectomy (T&A). Indications for PSG are presented, with a practical approach recommended for the otolaryngologist. Clinical practice guidelines are available from leading national societies, but their recommendations differ. T&A is the first-line treatment and is highly effective in normal-weight but not in obese children. The perioperative management of children is challenging and needs to be individualized. Young children, those with severe obstructive sleep apnea, and those with significant comorbidities need to be observed overnight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E14
JournalEar, Nose and Throat Journal
Volume95
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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