Managing risk when contemplating multiple relationships

Jeffrey N. Younggren, Michael C. Gottlieb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


Entering into dual relationships with psychotherapy patients has been a topic of significant controversy in professional psychology. Although these types of extratherapeutic alliances have generally been considered to be unethical conduct, some authors recently have supported their development as both ethical and, in some cases, even therapeutic (A. Lazarus & O. Zur, 2002). In this article, the authors briefly review the general literature regarding dual relationships and offer the reader guidelines in applying an ethically based, risk-managed, decision-making model that could be helpful when a practitioner is considering entering into such relationships or when such relationships inadvertently develop.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-260
Number of pages6
JournalProfessional Psychology: Research and Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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