In the last decade, management of congenital UPJ obstruction has become progressively observational despite the lack of precise predictors of outcome. While it is clear that many children will have resolution of their hydronephrosis and healthy kidneys, it is equally clear that there are those in whom renal functional development is at risk. Surgical intervention for the young infant, under 6 months, has become relatively infrequent, yet can be necessary and poses unique challenges. This review will address the clinical evaluation of UPJO in the very young infant and approaches to determining in whom surgical intervention may be preferable, as well as surgical considerations for the small infant. There are some clinical scenarios where the need for intervention is readily apparent, such as the solitary kidney or in child with infection. In others, a careful evaluation and discussion with the family must be undertaken to identify the most appropriate course of care. Further, while minimally invasive pyeloplasty has become commonly performed, it is often withheld from those under 6 months. This review will discuss the key elements of that practice and offer a perspective of where minimally invasive pyeloplasty is of value in the small infant. The modern pediatric urologist must be aware of the various possible clinical situations that may be present with UPJO and feel comfortable in their decision-making and surgical care. Simply delaying an intervention until a child is bigger may not always be the best approach.
- diuretic nephrogram
- prenatal hydronephrosis
- robotic assisted pyeloplasty
- ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health