MAP kinases and their roles in pancreatic beta-cells.

Shih Khoo, Tara Beers Gibson, Don Arnette, Michael Lawrence, Bridgette January, Kathleen McGlynn, Colleen A. Vanderbilt, Steven C. Griffen, Michael S. German, Melanie H. Cobb

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

We discuss our work examining regulation and functions of mitogen-activated protein kinases, particularly ERK1 and ERK2, in pancreatic beta-cells. These enzymes are activated by glucose, other nutrients, and insulinogenic hormones. Their activation by these agents is calcium-dependent. A number of other stimuli also activate ERK1/2, but by mechanisms distinct from those involved in nutrient sensing. Inhibition of ERK1/2 has no apparent effect on insulin secretion measured after 2 h. On the other hand, ERK1/2 activity is required for maximal glucose-dependent activation of the insulin gene promoter. The primary effort has focused on INS-1 cell lines, with supporting and confirmatory studies in intact islets and other beta-cell lines, indicating the generality of our findings in beta-cell function. Thus ERK1/2 participate in transmitting glucose-sensing information to beta-cell functions. These kinases most likely act directly and indirectly on multiple pathways that regulate beta-cell function and, in particular, to transduce an elevated glucose signal into insulin gene transcription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-200
Number of pages10
JournalCell biochemistry and biophysics
Volume40
Issue number3 Suppl
StatePublished - 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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    Khoo, S., Gibson, T. B., Arnette, D., Lawrence, M., January, B., McGlynn, K., Vanderbilt, C. A., Griffen, S. C., German, M. S., & Cobb, M. H. (2004). MAP kinases and their roles in pancreatic beta-cells. Cell biochemistry and biophysics, 40(3 Suppl), 191-200.