Mechanical factors direct mouse aortic remodelling during early maturation

Victoria P. Le, Jeffrey K. Cheng, Jungsil Kim, Marius C. Staiculescu, Shawn W. Ficker, Saahil C. Sheth, Siddharth A. Bhayani, Robert P. Mecham, Hiromi Yanagisawa, Jessica E. Wagenseil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Numerous diseases have been linked to genetic mutations that lead to reduced amounts or disorganization of arterial elastic fibres. Previous work has shown that mice with reduced amounts of elastin (Eln-/-) are able to live a normal lifespan through cardiovascular adaptations, including changes in haemodynamic stresses, arterial geometry and arterial wall mechanics. It is not known if the timeline and presence of these adaptations are consistent in other mousemodels of elastic fibre disease, such as those caused by the absence of fibulin-5 expression (Fbln5-/-). Adult Fbln5-/- mice have disorganized elastic fibres, decreased arterial compliance and high blood pressure.We examined mechanical behaviour of the aorta in Fbln5-/- mice through early maturation when the elastic fibres are being assembled. We found that the physiologic circumferential stretch, stress and modulus of Fbln5-/- aorta are maintained near wild-type levels. Constitutive modelling suggests that elastin contributions to the total stress are decreased, whereas collagen contributions are increased. Understanding how collagen fibre structure and mechanics compensate for defective elastic fibres to meet the mechanical requirements of the maturing aorta may help to better understand arterial remodelling in human elastinopathies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20141350
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Volume12
Issue number104
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 6 2015

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Keywords

  • Arterial mechanics
  • Cardiovascular
  • Elastin
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Fibulin-5
  • Mechanical modelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Le, V. P., Cheng, J. K., Kim, J., Staiculescu, M. C., Ficker, S. W., Sheth, S. C., Bhayani, S. A., Mecham, R. P., Yanagisawa, H., & Wagenseil, J. E. (2015). Mechanical factors direct mouse aortic remodelling during early maturation. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 12(104), [20141350]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2014.1350