Meta-analysis: Re-treatment of genotype i hepatitis C nonresponders and relapsers after failing interferon and ribavirin combination therapy

A. G. Singal, A. K. Waljee, M. Shiffman, B. R. Bacon, P. S. Schoenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The efficacy of re-treating genotype I hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients who failed combination therapy with interferon/pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin remains unclear. Aims To quantify sustained virological response (SVR) rates with different re-treatment regimens through meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods Randomized controlled trials of genotype I HCV treatment failure patients that compared currently available re-treatment regimens were selected. Two investigators independently extracted data on patient population, methods and results. The pooled relative risk of SVR for treatment regimens was computed using a random effects model. Results Eighteen RCTs were included. In nonresponders to standard interferon/ribavirin, re-treatment with high-dose PEG-IFN combination therapy improved SVR compared with standard PEG-IFN combination therapy (RR = 1.49; 95% CI: 1.09-2.04), but SVR rates did not exceed 18% in most studies. In relapsers to standard interferon/ribavirin, re-treatment with high-dose PEG-IFN or prolonged CIFN improved SVR (RR = 1.57; 95% CI: 1.16-2.14) and achieved SVR rates of 43-69%. Conclusions In genotype I HCV treatment failure patients who received combination therapy, re-treatment with high-dose PEG-IFN combination therapy is superior to re-treatment with standard combination therapy, although SVR rates are variable for nonresponders (≤18%) and relapsers (43-69%). Re-treatment may be appropriate for select patients, especially relapsers and individuals with bridging fibrosis or compensated cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)969-983
Number of pages15
JournalAlimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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