Methods of developing UWIN, the modified American Urological Association symptom score

Al B. Barqawi, Kathryn F. Sullivan, E. David Crawford, Claus Roehrborn, Alexa Hughes, Michael O'Leary, Nelson Stone, Colin I. O'Donnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The American Urological Association symptom score instrument is widely used to assess lower urinary tract symptom severity in men. We describe the methods used to develop a shorter form of the American Urological Association symptom score that may provide symptom score assessment with minimal compromise in accuracy. Materials and Methods: Complete American Urological Association symptom score data were collected on 8,731 men who attended Prostate Cancer Awareness Week in 2003 or 2004. Correlation analysis and area under the ROCs were used to determine the best reduced index and cutoff points in scores for the severity categories of mild, moderate and severe. Results: The number of responses in the original 7 American Urological Association symptom score items was lowered from 6 to 4 and for the bothersome index it was lowered from 7 to 3. Four of the original 7 items were retained. Cronbach's α was 0.851 for the symptom score items in our data. The combination of items with the best joint correlation to the American Urological Association symptom score and bothersome score was UWIN (urgency, weak stream, incomplete emptying and nocturia). The correlation of UWIN with the American Urological Association symptom score was 0.938. The correlation of UWIN bother to the American Urological Association bothersome score was 0.638. The ROC for the mild, moderate and severe UWIN categories compared to the categorized American Urological Association symptom score was 0.96, 0.97 and 0.99, respectively. Conclusions: The UWIN instrument may potentially be a valuable tool to assess American Urological Association symptom score severity and bother. Clinical validation of this instrument is indicated in a prospective comparative study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)940-944
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume186
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • prostate
  • prostatic hyperplasia
  • questionnaires
  • symptoms
  • urination disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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    Barqawi, A. B., Sullivan, K. F., Crawford, E. D., Roehrborn, C., Hughes, A., O'Leary, M., Stone, N., & O'Donnell, C. I. (2011). Methods of developing UWIN, the modified American Urological Association symptom score. Journal of Urology, 186(3), 940-944. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2011.04.057