Mitochondrial fission and autophagy in the normal and diseased heart

Myriam Iglewski, Joseph A Hill, Sergio Lavandero, Beverly A Rothermel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sustained hypertension promotes structural, functional and metabolic remodeling of cardiomyocyte mitochondria. As long-lived, postmitotic cells, cardiomyocytes turn over mitochondria continuously to compensate for changes in energy demands and to remove damaged organelles. This process involves fusion and fission of existing mitochondria to generate new organelles and separate old ones for degradation via autophagy. Autophagy is a lysosome-dependent proteolytic pathway capable of processing cellular components, including organelles and protein aggregates. Autophagy can be either nonselective or selective and contributes to remodeling of the myocardium under stress. Fission of mitochondria, loss of membrane potential, and ubiquitination are emerging as critical steps that direct selective autophagic degradation of mitochondria. This review discusses the molecular mechanisms controlling mitochondrial dynamics, including fission, fusion, transport, and degradation. Furthermore, it examines recent studies revealing the importance of these processes in normal and diseased heart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-425
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Hypertension Reports
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

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Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertension
  • Metabolism
  • Mitochondrial dynamics
  • Mitochondrial fission
  • Mitochondrial fusion
  • Mitophagy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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