Moderate to High Levels of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Attenuate the Effects of Triglyceride to High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Ratio on Coronary Heart Disease Mortality in Men

Stephen W. Farrell, Carrie E. Finley, Carolyn E. Barlow, Benjamin L. Willis, Laura F. DeFina, William L. Haskell, Gloria L. Vega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To examine the prospective relationships among cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), fasting blood triglyceride to high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (TG:HDL-C), and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in men. Methods A total of 40,269 men received a comprehensive baseline clinical examination between January 1, 1978, and December 31, 2010. Their CRF was determined from a maximal treadmill exercise test. Participants were divided into CRF categories of low, moderate, and high fit by age group and by TG:HDL-C quartiles. Hazard ratios for CHD mortality were computed using Cox regression analysis. Results A total of 556 deaths due to CHD occurred during a mean ± SD of 16.6±9.7 years (669,678 man-years) of follow-up. A significant positive trend in adjusted CHD mortality was shown across decreasing CRF categories (P for trend<.01). Adjusted hazard ratios were significantly higher across increasing TG:HDL-C quartiles as well (P for trend<.01). When grouped by CRF category and TG:HDL-C quartile, there was a significant positive trend (P=.04) in CHD mortality across decreasing CRF categories in each TG:HDL-C quartile. Conclusion Both CRF and TG:HDL-C are significantly associated with CHD mortality in men. The risk of CHD mortality in each TG:HDL-C quartile was significantly attenuated in men with moderate to high CRF compared with men with low CRF. These results suggest that assessment of CRF and TG:HDL-C should be included for routine CHD mortality risk assessment and risk management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1763-1771
Number of pages9
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume92
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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