Molecular analysis of genes on Xp controlling Turner syndrome and premature ovarian failure (POF)

A. R. Zinn, J. L. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Monosomy X has been known to be the chromosomal basis of Turner syndrome (TS) for more than four decades. A large body of cytogenetic data indicates that most TS features are due to reduced dosage of genes on the short arm of the X chromosome (Xp). Phenotype mapping studies using molecular cytogenetic and genetic techniques are beginning to localize the Xp genes that are important for various TS features, and a comprehensive catalog of candidate genes is becoming available through the Human Genome Project and related research. It is now possible to assess the contributions of individual genes to the TS phenotype by mutational analysis of karyotypically normal persons with specific TS features. This strategy has succeeded in identifying a gene involved in short stature and is being applied to premature ovarian failure and other TS phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-146
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in reproductive medicine
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 26 2001

Keywords

  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Short stature
  • Turner syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Physiology (medical)

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