Molecular Bases of the Regulation of Bone Remodeling by the Canonical Wnt Signaling Pathway

Donald A. Glass, Gerard Karsenty

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a common, prevalent, and debilitating condition, particularly in postmenopausal women. Genetics play a major role in determining peak bone mass and fracture risk, but few genes have been demonstrated conclusively to be involved, much less the signaling pathways with which they are affiliated. The identification of mutations in the gene Lrp5, a Wnt coreceptor, as the cause for both osteoporotic and high-bone mass disorders implicated the canonical Wnt signaling pathway in bone mass regulation. Since Lrp5, other Wnt components have been identified as being regulators of bone mass, and Wnt target genes affecting bone homeostasis have begun to be elucidated. This chapter looks at the various components of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway and the data indicating that this pathway plays a major role in the control of both bone formation and bone resorption, the two key aspects of bone remodeling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-84
Number of pages42
JournalCurrent topics in developmental biology
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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