Endometrial cancer is the common gynecologic malignancies in the western countries. Understanding its genetic fingerprints and its genetic pathways would be a major step toward more tailored therapy to patients who are affected by this cancer. Type I (endometrioid and mucinous) and type II (serous and clear cell) endometrial cancer have different genetic alterations such as PTEN gene mutation and defects of DNA mismatch repair gene for the former and p53 and Her-2 mutation for the latter. In this review, we summarized genes/proteins that it has been found to be involved in endometrial cancer tumorigenesis, disease prognosis and patients outcomes. We will discuss genes involved in cell proliferation such as aldolase C, HIF1a, Pax8, TGFß, GRP78, 14-3-3s, in cell migration including TFF3, PSMA, TGFß, 14-3-3s and finally those involved in angiogenesis such as TTF3, HIF1a, PSMA and TGFß. Also, we will discuss novel agents that target these genes by specific inhibitors antibodies, CpG methylation silencing or other mechanisms. Future investigations into the molecular pathways of endometrial cancer could increase our knowledge of this malignancy and will lead to novel targeted therapy more tailored to each individual patient.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Endometrial Cancer|
|Subtitle of host publication||Current Epidemiology, Detection and Management|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||27|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas