Morbilliform drug eruptions

Uzoamaka T. Ukoha, Amit G. Pandya, Arturo R. Dominguez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Morbilliform drug eruptions, also called exanthematous drug eruptions, are a form of delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity characterized by erythematous macules or papules that coalesce to form large plaques. The eruption usually occurs 5 days to 2 weeks after administration of the causative agent. The most common causes are antibiotics, Anti-Epileptics, allopurinol, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDS), anxiolytics, Anti-Hypertensives, and diuretics. They can also be associated with viral infections, illicit drug use, blood products, IV contrast media, and may have a genetic predisposition. With the cessation of the causative drug, morbilliform eruptions usually resolve within 1-2 weeks. The main histological features of morbilliform drug eruptions are a superficial and deep perivascular infiltrate and interstitial spongiotic and psoriasisiform dermatitis in conjunction with vacuolar interface changes. Although not completely understood, the immunological mechanisms for morbilliform drug eruptions involve a type IVb and IVc hypersensitivity reaction, as described by Gell and Coombs. Treatment for exanthematous drug reactions includes cessation of the causative agent and treatment of symptoms associated with the reaction, particularly pruritus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCutaneous Drug Eruptions: Diagnosis, Histopathology and Therapy
PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd
Pages45-53
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9781447167297, 9781447167280
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2015

Keywords

  • Adverse drug reactions
  • Cutaneous drug reactions
  • Drug eruptions
  • Exanthematous drug eruptions
  • Morbilliform drug eruptions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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