Movement disorders after head injury: Diagnosis and management

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Head injury can cause extrapyramidal movement disorders such as tremors, parkinsonism, dystonia, chorea, myoclonus, and tics. Pure adventitious movements are rare, but combinations with paresis, spasticity, apraxia, or ataxia occur in approximately 20% of cases of severe head injury, in many cases appearing or evolving in the months following the injury. Tremors may improve in time but many of the other syndromes tend to persist. Reversible causes such as medications or metabolic derangements are occasionally identifiable. Some of these adventitious movements can be improved using neuroactive drugs, botulinum toxin injections, or stereotactic brain surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-313
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Chorea
  • Dystonia
  • Parkinsonism
  • Posttraumatic
  • Tremors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology

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