RATIONALE: Although rare, pancreatic neoplasms can occur during pregnancy, both in benign and malignant forms. Mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) of the pancreas, a type of these neoplasms, are precursor lesions to invasive pancreatic cancer. The presence of the ovarian-type stroma is a defining feature. PATIENT CONCERNS: The first case was a 38-year-old woman in her 18th week of pregnancy with abdominal pain that worsens a few weeks later. The second case was a 30-year-old woman in her 17th week of pregnancy with abdominal pain in the left hypochondrium. DIAGNOSIS: The patients were under clinical examination and laboratory test including carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Both patients had magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The diagnosis of a MCNs of the pancreas was done preoperatively in the 2 cases. INTERVENTIONS: Both patients underwent distal pancreatectomy during pregnancy. One of them was an emergency laparotomy because of a ruptured MCN. OUTCOMES: Both patients were completely recovered from distal pancreatectomy and continued to full term, delivering a healthy baby by Caesarean section. After 6 years of follow-up, the first patient underwent a total gastrectomy, because of a gastric cancer with carcinomatosis. Currently the 2 patients are still alive after 8 years and 5 years of follow-up, respectively. LESSONS: Surgical resection of MCNs during pregnancy should be considered during the second trimester given common distal pancreas location, rapid growth, risk of spontaneous rupture, and malignant potential.
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