Purpose: Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 is a methyltransferase encoded by the EZH2 gene, whose role in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is poorly understood. We sought to evaluate the prognostic value of EZH2 expression in UTUC. Methods: We reviewed a multi-institutional cohort of patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy for high-grade UTUC from 1990 to 2008. Immunohistochemistry for EZH2 was performed on tissue microarrays. Percentage of staining was evaluated, and the discriminative value of EZH2 was tested, with EZH2 positivity defined as>20% staining present. Clinicopathologic characteristics and oncologic outcomes (recurrence-free (RFS), cancer-specific (CSS), and overall survival (OS)) were compared, stratified by EZH2 positivity. The prognostic role of EZH2 was assessed using Kaplan-Meier, univariate (UVA), and multivariate (MVA) Cox regression analyses. Significance was defined for P<0.05. Results: A total of 376 patients were included for analysis, with median follow-up 36.0 months. Overall, 78 (20.7%) were EZH2-positive. EZH2 expression was more often associated with ureteral location, lymphovascular invasion, sessile architecture, necrosis, and concomitant carcinoma in situ. On UVA, increased EZH2 expression was a significant predictor for inferior RFS (HR 1.63, P = 0.033), CSS (HR 2.03, P = 0.003), and OS (HR 2.11, P<0.001). On MVA EZH2 remained a significant predictor of worse CSS (HR 1.99 [95% CI: 1.21–3.27], P = 0.007) and OS (HR 1.54 [95% CI: 1.06–2.24], P = 0.024), while significance was lost for RFS. Conclusion: Increased EZH2 expression is associated with adverse pathologic features and inferior oncologic outcomes in patients with high-grade UTUC. The role of EZH2 biology in UTUC pathogenesis remains to be further elucidated.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|State||Accepted/In press - Jan 1 2018|
- Enhancer of zeste homolog 2
- Prognostic biomarker
- Upper tract urothelial carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas