Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is a congenital conotrun-cal abnormality characterized by discordant connections between the ventricles and great arteries, with the aorta originating from the right ventricle (RV), and the pulmonary artery (PA) originating from the left ventricle (LV). The two main types of TGA are complete transposition or dextro-transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA), commonly referred to as d-loop, and congenitally corrected transposition (CCTGA), commonly referred to as l-loop or L-TGA. In D-TGA, the connections between the ventricles and atria are concordant, whereas in CCTGA they are discordant, with the left atrium connected to the RV, and the right atrium connected to the LV. D-TGA manifests during the neonatal period and can be surgically managed by atrial switch operation (AtrSO), arterial switch operation (ASO), Rastelli procedure, or Nikaidoh procedure. Arrhythmia, systemic ventricular dysfunction, baffle stenosis, and baffle leak are the common complications of AtrSO, whereas supra-valvular pulmonary or branch PA stenosis, neoaortic dilatation, and coronary artery narrowing are the common complications of ASO. CCTGA may manifest late in life, even in adulthood. Surgeries for associated lesions such as tricuspid regurgitation, subpulmonic stenosis, and ventricular septal defect may be performed. A double-switch operation that includes both the atrial and arterial switch operations constitutes anatomic correction for CCTGA. Imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of TGA, both before and after surgery, for helping define the anatomy, quantify hemodynam-ics, and evaluate complications. Transthoracic echocardiography is the first-line imaging modality for presurgical planning in children with TGA. MRI provides comprehensive morphologic and functional information, particularly in adults after surgery. CT is performed when MRI is contraindicated or expected to generate artifacts. The authors review the imaging appearances of TGA, with a focus on pre-and postsurgical imaging.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging