HLA polymorphism dictates the binding and recognition of specific peptides, leading to variations in individual immune responses and may contribute to autoimmune disorders and outcome in organ transplantation. We have studied the molecular basis for the cellular recognition of DRB1*0411 in individuals carrying other sequence-related DR4-alleles by characterization of T-cell clones (TLC). A set of 166 TLC were raised by priming cells from DRB1*0401,0402 and DRB1*0405,0901 individuals and 52 of them recognized DRB1*0411. Five distinct patterns of T-cell allorecognition were found: DRB1*0411 alone, DRB1*0411 and 0405, DRB1*0411 and 0406, DRB1*0411 and 0407 and DRB1*0411, 0406 and 0407, depending on responder phenotypes and epitopes recognized by their T cells. A stretch of 30 amino acids on DRB1*0411 from positions 57 to 86 behaves as a functional domain and residues S57, R71, E74 and V86 seem to be crucial in forming immunogenic determinants recognized by these TLC. The knowledge of shared amino acid residues between closely related DR4 alleles, which show similar patterns of recognition by T cells could also be useful in the selection of prospective donors for clinical transplantation of solid organs or bone marrow.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy