Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is one of the most common genetic causes of CKD; however, the underlying genetic abnormalities have been established in ,50% of patients. We performed genome-wide analysis followed by targeted resequencing in a Turkish consanguineous multiplex family and identified a canonic splice site mutation inANKS6 associatedwith anNPHP-like phenotype. Furthermore,we identified four additional ANKS6 variants in a cohort of 56 unrelated patients diagnosed with CKD due to nephronophthisis, chronic GN, interstitial nephritis, or unknown etiology. Immunohistochemistry in human embryonic kidney tissue demonstrated that the expression patterns of ANKS6 change substantially during development. Furthermore, we detected increased levels of both total and active b-catenin in precystic tubuli in Han:SPRD Cy/+ rats. Overall, these data indicate the importance of ANKS6 in human kidney development and suggest a mechanism by which mutations in ANKS6 may contribute to an NPHP-like phenotype in humans.
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