Myeloid sarcoma involving the gynecologic tract: A report of 11 cases and review of the literature

Mar Garcia Garcia, Michael T. Deavers, Ronald J. Knoblock, Weina Chen, Apostolia M. Tsimberidou, John T. Manning, L. Jeffrey Medeiros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Myeloid sarcoma can involve any anatomic site, but involvement of the gynecologic tract is uncommon. We describe 11 women, 17 to 60 years old, with myeloid sarcoma involving the gynecologic tract, including 5 patients in whom myeloid sarcoma presented as an isolated mass. The uterus was the most frequently involved anatomic site, in 8 patients (5 corpus, 3 cervix). Each neoplasm diffusely infiltrated normal structures, and, cytologically 7 tumors were immature, 3 were differentiated, and 1 was blastic. In 9 cases assessed, immunohistochemical stains showed that all neoplasms were positive for myeloperoxidase and lysozyme; CD117 was positive in 7 of 8 cases, and cytochemical staining for naphthol AS-D chloroacetate was positive in all 6 neoplasms analyzed. Following chemotherapy, complete remission and long-term survival were achieved in a subset of patients, as was particularly true for 2 patients (cases 8 and 10), with complete remission 12.5 and 31 years after diagnosis, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)783-790
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Pathology
Volume125
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006

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Myeloid Sarcoma
Neoplasms
Muramidase
Cervix Uteri
Peroxidase
Uterus
Staining and Labeling
Drug Therapy
Survival

Keywords

  • Gynecologic tract
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Myeloid sarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Garcia, M. G., Deavers, M. T., Knoblock, R. J., Chen, W., Tsimberidou, A. M., Manning, J. T., & Medeiros, L. J. (2006). Myeloid sarcoma involving the gynecologic tract: A report of 11 cases and review of the literature. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 125(5), 783-790. https://doi.org/10.1309/H9MM-21FP-T7YB-L3PW

Myeloid sarcoma involving the gynecologic tract : A report of 11 cases and review of the literature. / Garcia, Mar Garcia; Deavers, Michael T.; Knoblock, Ronald J.; Chen, Weina; Tsimberidou, Apostolia M.; Manning, John T.; Medeiros, L. Jeffrey.

In: American Journal of Clinical Pathology, Vol. 125, No. 5, 05.2006, p. 783-790.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Garcia, Mar Garcia ; Deavers, Michael T. ; Knoblock, Ronald J. ; Chen, Weina ; Tsimberidou, Apostolia M. ; Manning, John T. ; Medeiros, L. Jeffrey. / Myeloid sarcoma involving the gynecologic tract : A report of 11 cases and review of the literature. In: American Journal of Clinical Pathology. 2006 ; Vol. 125, No. 5. pp. 783-790.
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