Negative regulation of initial steps in skeletal myogenesis by mTOR and other kinases

Raphael A. Wilson, Jing Liu, Lin Xu, James Annis, Sara Helmig, Gregory Moore, Casey Timmerman, Carla Grandori, Yanbin Zheng, Stephen X. Skapek

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The transition from a committed progenitor cell to one that is actively differentiating represents a process that is fundamentally important in skeletal myogenesis. Although the expression and functional activation of myogenic regulatory transcription factors (MRFs) are well known to govern lineage commitment and differentiation, exactly how the first steps in differentiation are suppressed in a proliferating myoblast is much less clear. We used cultured mammalian myoblasts and an RNA interference library targeting 571 kinases to identify those that may repress muscle differentiation in proliferating myoblasts in the presence or absence of a sensitizing agent directed toward CDK4/6, a kinase previously established to impede muscle gene expression. We identified 55 kinases whose knockdown promoted myoblast differentiation, either independently or in conjunction with the sensitizer. A number of the hit kinases could be connected to known MRFs, directly or through one interaction node. Focusing on one hit, Mtor, we validated its role to impede differentiation in proliferating myoblasts and carried out mechanistic studies to show that it acts, in part, by a rapamycin-sensitive complex that involves Raptor. Our findings inform our understanding of kinases that can block the transition from lineage commitment to a differentiating state in myoblasts and offer a useful resource for others studying myogenic differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20376
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 5 2016

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    Wilson, R. A., Liu, J., Xu, L., Annis, J., Helmig, S., Moore, G., Timmerman, C., Grandori, C., Zheng, Y., & Skapek, S. X. (2016). Negative regulation of initial steps in skeletal myogenesis by mTOR and other kinases. Scientific reports, 6, [20376]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep20376