Neurogenic inflammation implies stimulation of nerves with resultant inflammation in tissue surrounding the nerve terminals. We hypothesized that neurogenic inflammation has a role in cholecystitis. Capsaicin (stimulant of afferent, nociceptive neurons), 6-hydroxydopamine (stimulates release of peptides from sympathetic nerve terminals), bradykinin, lipopolysaccharide, and saline were instilled into guinea pig gallbladders for 24 hr (N = 5 in each group). In parallel, test agents were instilled with 1% lidocaine. Water transport across gallbladder mucosa, myeloperoxidase and interleukin-1 release from gallbladder tissue, and prostaglandin E2 in luminal fluid were measured. Capsaicin caused water secretion and significant release of myeloperoxidase, interleukin-1, and prostaglandin-E2, effects that were blocked by lidocaine. 6-Hydroxydopamine did not affect water transport or prostaglandin E2, but did cause myeloperoxidase and interleukin-1 release. Bradykinin- and lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation were partially inhibited by lidocaine. Taken together, these results suggest that neurogenic inflammation has a role in the pathophysiology of cholecystitis.
- Neurogenic inflammation
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