NLRP6 is a member of the NLR (nucleotide-oligomerization domain-like receptor) family of proteins that recognize pathogen-derived factors and damage-associated molecular patterns in the cytosol. The function of NLRP6 has been attributed to the maintenance of epithelial integrity and host defense against microbial infections. Under some physiological conditions, NLRP6 forms a complex with ASC and caspase-1 or caspase-11 to form an inflammasome complex cleaving pro-interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18 into their biologically active forms. Here, we summarize recent advances in the understanding of the mechanisms of activation of the NLRP6 inflammasome and discuss its relevance to human disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)