We have combined a cDNA-driven PCR technique and a nonradioactive chemical-cleavage mismatch method, followed by a direct sequencing for detecting small mutations in the human hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HPRT) gene. HPRT cDNA was synthesized by RT-PCR from 1,000 wild-type or HPRT(‒) mutant cells. Wild-type cDNA was hybridized with mutant cDNA to form heteroduplexes. The resultant mismatched bases were modified and cleaved by base-specific chemicals, followed by analysis by denaturing Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Cleaved fragments were detected without using radioactive materials. Finally, direct sequencing of the PCR products was performed with a focus on a small limited region indicated by the mismatch analysis (focused sequencing). In this study, three small mutations in exon-3 of HPRT cDNA were detected and characterized completely with this system. As compared with the radioactive method, this system was shown to be very simple and efficient.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)