Novel Advanced Impedance Metrics on Impedance-pH Testing Predict Lung Function Decline in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Vikram Rangan, Lawrence F. Borges, Wai Kit Lo, Sravanya Gavini, Mariel Bailey, Kelly E. Hathorn, Hilary J. Goldberg, Walter W. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Gastroesophageal reflux has been associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) is a marker of esophageal mucosal integrity, whereas postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index reflects esophageal chemical clearance. Both metrics offer novel ways to assess reflux burden on multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH testing (MII-pH), but their role in extraesophageal reflux remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between these novel metrics and lung function decline in patients with IPF. METHODS: Adults with IPF undergoing prelung transplant MII-pH were enrolled. All patients completed pulmonary function testing (PFT) at the time of MII-pH and at the 1-year follow-up. MNBI was calculated by averaging baseline impedance at three 10-minute intervals (1 AM/2 AM/3 AM). PSPW index was the proportion of all reflux episodes, followed by a peristaltic swallow within 30 seconds. Univariate (Student t-test/Pearson correlation) and multivariable (general linear regression) analyses were performed. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-five subjects (mean age = 61.7 years, 62% men) were included. Forced expiratory volume in one second and forced vital capacity declined more significantly over 12 months in subjects with lower distal MNBI, proximal MNBI, and PSPW index (all P < 0.05). On multivariable analyses adjusting for age, sex, proton pump inhibitor use, and baseline lung function, distal MNBI (β = -10.86, P = 0.024; β = -8.03, P = 0.045), proximal MNBI (β = -13.5, P = 0.0068; β = -9.80, P = 0.025), and PSPW index (β = -18.1, P = 0.010; β = -12.55, P = 0.050) remained predictive of greater forced expiratory volume in one second and forced vital capacity decline. DISCUSSION: Low distal MNBI, proximal MNBI, and PSPW index independently predicted more severe lung function decline over 1 year in patients with IPF. These impedance metrics may have prognostic value and support a role for reflux in IPF pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-412
Number of pages8
JournalThe American Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume117
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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