Obeticholic acid is associated with improvements in AST-to-platelet ratio index and GLOBE score in patients with primary biliary cholangitis

Maren H. Harms, Gideon M. Hirschfield, Annarosa Floreani, Marlyn J. Mayo, Albert Parés, Alexander Liberman, Elizabeth Smoot Malecha, Richard Pencek, Leigh MacConell, Bettina E. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Biochemical markers, including GLOBE score and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), are used to stratify risk in patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of obeticholic acid (OCA) on categorical shifts in GLOBE score, APRI, and both combined, based on data from POISE, a phase III placebo-controlled trial in patients with PBC who had an incomplete response or were intolerant to ursodeoxycholic acid. Methods: In a post hoc analysis, baseline and Month 12 data from POISE were used to calculate the APRI and GLOBE score. Patients were stratified into 3 risk groups based on a combination of APRI (0.54) and GLOBE (0.3 or age-specific) thresholds. Results: The analysis included 215 patients (47 low risk; 79 moderate risk; 89 high risk). Using the combined GLOBE score (threshold of 0.3) and APRI thresholds, there was improvement in ≥1 risk stage in 37% and 35% of patients in the OCA 5–10 mg and 10 mg groups, respectively, vs. 12% in the placebo group (both p <0.05). Progression occurred in 10% and 0% in the 5–10 mg and 10 mg groups vs. 37% in the placebo group. Results with GLOBE age-specific thresholds were similar. Conclusions: Based on change in APRI and GLOBE score at 12 months, OCA treatment is associated with reduction in the predicted risk of liver-related complications in patients with PBC. Lay summary: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic disease affecting the liver. People who suffer from PBC are at risk of serious long-term complications. Information from certain blood tests can be used to estimate the likelihood of experiencing long-term complications. The results of this study showed that based on blood test results, people taking obeticholic acid, with or without ursodeoxycholic acid, for PBC were predicted to have a better outcome than those taking placebo. Clinical trials registration: NCT01473524.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100191
JournalJHEP Reports
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • APRI
  • Cholestasis
  • PBC
  • Risk stratification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Internal Medicine
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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