Ocular immune privilege is the result of several unique features of the eye, including the systemic down-regulation of Th1 immune responses to Ags encountered in the anterior chamber of the eye - a phenomenon termed anterior chamber-associated immune deviation (ACAID). The induction of ACAID requires the participation of three cell populations: the ocular ACAID APC, the splenic B cell, and the splenic T cell. Because B cells have been implicated in tolerogenic Ag presentation in other systems, we hypothesized that B cells were responsible for the induction of regulatory T cells in ACAID. The central hypothesis for this study is that APC from the eye migrate to the spleen where they release antigenic peptides (OVA) that are captured and presented to T cells by splenic B cells. A combination of in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that splenic B cells, incubated with ACAID APC in vitro, were capable of inducing ACAID when transferred to naive mice. The induction of ACAID required the normal expression of β2-microglobulin on both the B cell and ACAID APC, but not on the T suppressor cells. Moreover, the induction of ACAID regulatory cells required histocompatibility between the B cells and regulatory T cells at the TL/Qa region. The results indicate that: 1) B cells are necessary for the induction of ACAID; 2) ACAID B cells do not directly suppress the expression of delayed-type hypersensitivity; and 3) the induction of Ag-specific regulatory T cells by ACAID B cells requires histocompatibility at the TL/Qa region.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy