We report one- and 2-year results of a prospective, 5-year, multicenter study of radiographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcomes following triplanar first tarsometatarsal arthrodesis with early weightbearing. One-hundred and seventeen patients were included with a mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) follow-up time of 16.6 (15.5, 17.7) months. Mean (95% CI) time to weightbearing in a boot walker was 7.8 (6.6, 9.1) days, mean time to return to athletic shoes was 45.0 (43.5, 46.6) days, and mean time to return to unrestricted activity was 121.0 (114.5, 127.5) days. There was a significant improvement in radiographic measures with a mean corrective change of -18.0° (-19.6, -16.4) for hallux valgus angle, -8.3° (-8.9, -7.8) for intermetatarsal angle and -2.9 (-3.2, -2.7) for tibial sesamoid position at 12 months (n = 108). Additionally, there was a significant improvement in patient-reported outcomes (Visual Analog Scale, Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire, and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) and changes were maintained at 12 and 24 months postoperatively. There was 1/117 (0.9%) reported recurrence of hallux valgus at 12 months. There were 16/117 (13.7%) subjects who experienced clinical complications of which 10/117 (8.5%) were related to hardware. Of the 7/117 (6.0%) who underwent reoperation, only 1/117 (0.9%) underwent surgery for a nonunion. The results of the interim report of this prospective, multicenter study demonstrate favorable clinical and radiographic improvement of the HV deformity, early return to weightbearing, low recurrence, and low rate of complications.
- early weightbearing
- lapidus bunionectomy
- triplanar first tarsometatarsal arthrodesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine