Introduction: Lymph node sampling by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is the state of art procedure for staging the mediastinum and hilar regions in lung cancer patients. Our experience of implementing the real-time cytopathology intervention (RTCI) process for intraoperative EBUS-TBNAs is presented. This study is aimed to describe in detail the RTCI process for EBUS-TBNAs, and assess its utility and diagnostic yield before and after its implementation in parallel to conventional rapid on-site evaluation (c-ROSE). Methods: A retrospective review of all EBUS-TBNAs between July 2016 and July 2017 at the University of Rochester Medical Center was performed. Final diagnoses, patient clinical data, and number of non-diagnostic samples (NDS) were reviewed. The numbers of NDS obtained from EBUS-TBNAs with no cytology assistance (NCA), with RTCI and with c-ROSE were analysed. Results: Non-diagnostic lymph node samples were found in 20 out of 116 (17%), three out of 114 (2.6%) and 33 out of 286 (11.5%) cases with NCA, RTCI and c-ROSE, respectively. Application of statistical analysis revealed significant difference in the NDS between the groups of cases in the operating room with NCA and RTCI (P =.005). The different settings and variables between the cases performed using RTCI in the operating room and those assisted with c-ROSE in the bronchoscopy suite preclude legitimate comparison. Conclusion: Our results indicate that the use of RTCI could yield a significantly low proportion of NDS when assisting EBUS-TBNA of mediastinal and hilar lymph node for lung cancer patients enhancing the diagnostic efficiency of the procedure.
- lung cancer staging
- mediastinal lymph node
- pulmonary cytopathology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine