According to a new theory, a critical step in atherogenesis is oxidation of low‐density lipoprotein (LDL) within the arterial wall. Direct data supporting this theory are limited, but indirect evidence suggests that oxidized LDL plays a role in atherogenesis. An important question is whether the LDL‐oxidation hypothesis conforms to what is known about other risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD), such as hypertension, smoking, low high‐density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, and diabetes mellitus. Perhaps a unified theory of atherogenesis could be formulated if these risk factors exert their atherogenic actions in part by promoting, facilitating, or permitting the oxidation of LDL.
- coronary heart disease
- high‐density lipoproteins
- low‐density lipoproteins
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine