Patient navigation for lung cancer screening in an urban safety-net system: Protocol for a pragmatic randomized clinical trial

David E. Gerber, Heidi A. Hamann, Noel O. Santini, Suhny Abbara, Hsienchang Chiu, Molly McGuire, Lisa Quirk, Hong Zhu, Simon J.Craddock Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


The National Lung Screening Trial demonstrated improved lung cancer mortality with annual low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening, leading to lung cancer screening endorsement by the United States Preventive Services Task Force and coverage by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid. Adherence to annual CT screens in that trial was 95%, which may not be representative of real-world, particularly medically underserved populations. This pragmatic trial will determine the effect of patient-focused, telephone-based patient navigation on adherence to CT-based lung cancer screening in an urban safety-net population. 340 adults who meet standard eligibility for lung cancer screening (age 55–77 years, smoking history ≥ 30 pack-years, quit within 15 years if former smoker) are referred through an electronic medical record-based order by physicians in community- and hospital-based primary care settings within the Parkland Health and Hospital System in Dallas County, Texas. Eligible patients are randomized to usual care or patient navigation, which addresses adherence, patient-reported barriers, smoking cessation, and psycho-social concerns related to screening completion. Patients complete surveys and semi-structured interviews at baseline, 6-month, and 18-month follow-ups to assess attitudes toward screening. The primary endpoint of this pragmatic trial is adherence to three sequential, prospectively defined steps in the screening protocol. Secondary endpoints include self-reported tobacco use and other patient-reported outcomes. Results will provide real-world insight into the impact of patient navigation on adherence to CT-based lung cancer screening in a medically underserved population. This study was registered with the NIH database (NCT02758054) on April 26, 2016.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-85
Number of pages8
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017



  • Adherence
  • Lung cancer screening
  • Navigation
  • Patient reported outcomes
  • Pragmatic trial
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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