Perfusion-related stimuli for compensatory lung growth following pneumonectomy

D. Merrill Dane, Cuneyt Yilmaz, Dipendra Gyawali, Roshni Iyer, Priya Ravikumar, Aaron S. Estrera, Connie C W Hsia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Following pneumonectomy (PNX), two separate mechanical forces act on the remaining lung: parenchymal stress caused by lung expansion, and microvascular distension and shear caused by increased perfusion. We previously showed that parenchymal stress and strain explain approximately one-half of overall compensation; the remainder was presumptively attributed to perfusion-related factors. In this study, we directly tested the hypothesis that perturbation of regional pulmonary perfusion modulates post-PNX lung growth. Adult canines underwent banding of the pulmonary artery (PAB) to the left caudal (LCa) lobe, which caused a reduction in basal perfusion to LCa lobe without preventing the subsequent increase in its perfusion following right PNX while simultaneously exaggerating the post-PNX increase in perfusion to the unbanded lobes, thereby creating differential perfusion changes between banded and unbanded lobes. Control animals underwent sham pulmonary artery banding followed by right PNX. Pulmonary function, regional pulmonary perfusion, and high-resolution computed tomography of the chest were analyzed pre-PNX and 3-mo post-PNX. Terminally, the remaining lobes were fixed for detailed morphometric analysis. Results were compared with corresponding lobes in two control (Sham banding and normal unoperated) groups. PAB impaired the indices of post-PNX extravascular alveolar tissue growth by up to 50% in all remaining lobes. PAB enhanced the expected post-PNX increase in alveolar capillary formation, measured by the prevalence of double-capillary profiles, in both unbanded and banded lobes. We conclude that perfusion distribution provides major stimuli for post-PNX compensatory lung growth independent of the stimuli provided by lung expansion and parenchymal stress and strain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-323
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Alveolar angiogenesis
  • Lung resection
  • Lung structure and function
  • Pulmonary artery banding
  • Pulmonary blood flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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