Peroxisome Proliferator Activator Receptor-γ Ligands, 15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-Prostaglandin J2 and Ciglitazone, Reduce Systemic Inflammation in Polymicrobial Sepsis by Modulation of Signal Transduction Pathways

Basilia Zingarelli, Maeve Sheehan, Paul W. Hake, Michael O'Connor, Alvin Denenberg, James A. Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

160 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a nuclear receptor that controls the expression of several genes involved in metabolic homeostasis. We investigated the role of PPARγ during the inflammatory response in sepsis by the use of the PPARγ ligands, 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-PGJ2 (15d-PGJ2) and ciglitazone. Polymicrobial sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture in rats and was associated with hypotension, multiple organ failure, and 50% mortality. PPARγ expression was markedly reduced in lung and thoracic aorta after sepsis. Immunohistochemistry showed positive staining for nitrotyrosine and poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase in thoracic aortas. Plasma levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 were increased. Elevated activity of myeloperoxidase was found in lung, colon, and liver, indicating a massive infiltration of neutrophils. These events were preceded by degradation of inhibitor κBα (IκBα), activation IκB kinase complex, and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase and, subsequently, activation of NF-κB and AP-1 in the lung. In vivo treatment with ciglitazone or 15d-PGJ2 ameliorated hypotension and survival, blunted cytokine production, and reduced neutrophil infiltration in lung, colon, and liver. These beneficial effects of the PPARγ ligands were associated with the reduction of IκB kinase complex and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase activation and the reduction of NF-κB and AP-1 DNA binding in the lung. Furthermore, treatment with ciglitazone or 15d-PGJ2 up-regulated the expression of PPARγ in lung and thoracic aorta and abolished nitrotyrosine formation and poly(ADP-ribose) expression in aorta. Our data suggest that PPARγ ligands attenuate the inflammatory response in sepsis through regulation of the NF-κB and AP-1 pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6827-6837
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume171
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 15 2003

Fingerprint

Peroxisome Proliferators
Signal Transduction
Sepsis
Ligands
Inflammation
Lung
Transcription Factor AP-1
Thoracic Aorta
Poly Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose
Neutrophil Infiltration
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Hypotension
Colon
Phosphotransferases
Multiple Organ Failure
Liver
Ligases
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
ciglitazone
15-deoxy-delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Peroxisome Proliferator Activator Receptor-γ Ligands, 15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-Prostaglandin J2 and Ciglitazone, Reduce Systemic Inflammation in Polymicrobial Sepsis by Modulation of Signal Transduction Pathways. / Zingarelli, Basilia; Sheehan, Maeve; Hake, Paul W.; O'Connor, Michael; Denenberg, Alvin; Cook, James A.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 171, No. 12, 15.12.2003, p. 6827-6837.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Peroxisome Proliferator Activator Receptor-γ Ligands, 15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-Prostaglandin J2 and Ciglitazone, Reduce Systemic Inflammation in Polymicrobial Sepsis by Modulation of Signal Transduction Pathways",
abstract = "Peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a nuclear receptor that controls the expression of several genes involved in metabolic homeostasis. We investigated the role of PPARγ during the inflammatory response in sepsis by the use of the PPARγ ligands, 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-PGJ2 (15d-PGJ2) and ciglitazone. Polymicrobial sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture in rats and was associated with hypotension, multiple organ failure, and 50{\%} mortality. PPARγ expression was markedly reduced in lung and thoracic aorta after sepsis. Immunohistochemistry showed positive staining for nitrotyrosine and poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase in thoracic aortas. Plasma levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 were increased. Elevated activity of myeloperoxidase was found in lung, colon, and liver, indicating a massive infiltration of neutrophils. These events were preceded by degradation of inhibitor κBα (IκBα), activation IκB kinase complex, and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase and, subsequently, activation of NF-κB and AP-1 in the lung. In vivo treatment with ciglitazone or 15d-PGJ2 ameliorated hypotension and survival, blunted cytokine production, and reduced neutrophil infiltration in lung, colon, and liver. These beneficial effects of the PPARγ ligands were associated with the reduction of IκB kinase complex and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase activation and the reduction of NF-κB and AP-1 DNA binding in the lung. Furthermore, treatment with ciglitazone or 15d-PGJ2 up-regulated the expression of PPARγ in lung and thoracic aorta and abolished nitrotyrosine formation and poly(ADP-ribose) expression in aorta. Our data suggest that PPARγ ligands attenuate the inflammatory response in sepsis through regulation of the NF-κB and AP-1 pathways.",
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T1 - Peroxisome Proliferator Activator Receptor-γ Ligands, 15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-Prostaglandin J2 and Ciglitazone, Reduce Systemic Inflammation in Polymicrobial Sepsis by Modulation of Signal Transduction Pathways

AU - Zingarelli, Basilia

AU - Sheehan, Maeve

AU - Hake, Paul W.

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AU - Denenberg, Alvin

AU - Cook, James A.

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N2 - Peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a nuclear receptor that controls the expression of several genes involved in metabolic homeostasis. We investigated the role of PPARγ during the inflammatory response in sepsis by the use of the PPARγ ligands, 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-PGJ2 (15d-PGJ2) and ciglitazone. Polymicrobial sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture in rats and was associated with hypotension, multiple organ failure, and 50% mortality. PPARγ expression was markedly reduced in lung and thoracic aorta after sepsis. Immunohistochemistry showed positive staining for nitrotyrosine and poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase in thoracic aortas. Plasma levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 were increased. Elevated activity of myeloperoxidase was found in lung, colon, and liver, indicating a massive infiltration of neutrophils. These events were preceded by degradation of inhibitor κBα (IκBα), activation IκB kinase complex, and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase and, subsequently, activation of NF-κB and AP-1 in the lung. In vivo treatment with ciglitazone or 15d-PGJ2 ameliorated hypotension and survival, blunted cytokine production, and reduced neutrophil infiltration in lung, colon, and liver. These beneficial effects of the PPARγ ligands were associated with the reduction of IκB kinase complex and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase activation and the reduction of NF-κB and AP-1 DNA binding in the lung. Furthermore, treatment with ciglitazone or 15d-PGJ2 up-regulated the expression of PPARγ in lung and thoracic aorta and abolished nitrotyrosine formation and poly(ADP-ribose) expression in aorta. Our data suggest that PPARγ ligands attenuate the inflammatory response in sepsis through regulation of the NF-κB and AP-1 pathways.

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