The role of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) mechanism on the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) has been investigated by measuring the activity of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and the concentration of NO in rat brain 15 min after administration of anticonvulsant doses of diazepam (0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg) which is known to activate GABA A receptor for its anticonvulsant action. Diazepam enhanced both NOS activity and the concentration of NO in a dose-dependent manner. A reversal has been observed in animals treated with a convulsant dose of picrotoxin (5 mg/kg) which is known to produce convulsions by blocking GABA A receptor mechanism. These results suggest that a functional interaction occurs between GABA A receptor activity and NO synthesis in the brain. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.
- GABA A receptor
- Nitric oxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology