Short-term and long-term cultures of mouse Thy-1+ epidermal cells (EC) were established in order to characterize their phenotypic and functional properties. Concanavalin A (Con A) and Interleukin 2 (IL-2) stimulated Thy-1+ EC mediated non-MHC directed cytotoxicity preferentially against the NK-sensitive target, YAC-1 vs the NK-resistant target, P815; these cells also mediated antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), indicating the presence of IgG-FcR on at least some of them. Freshly isolated Thy-1+ EC failed to lyse YAC-1 targets; however, this activity was observed after 9 d of culture with Con A and IL-2. While dendritic Thy-1+ EC, in vivo, do not express the T-cell markers, L3T4 and Lyt-2, short-term cultured cells displayed phenotypic heterogeneity with small but significant percentages of Lyt-2+ and L3T4+ cells appearing transiently. The phenotype of the effector cell(s), which mediates cytotoxic activity, was determined by utilizing flow cytometry to sort short-term cultured EC into positively and negatively stained populations. Cells which express L3T4, or which lack asialo GM1, did not lyse YAC-1 targets; maximum cytotoxic activity was found within populations of cells which are asialo GM1+, Lyt-2-, and asialo GM1+, Lyt-2+. These studies indicate that Thy-1+ cells derived from mouse epidermis when cultured in the presence of Con A and IL-2 have the capacity to generate a phenotypically heterogeneous population, some cells of which are capable of mediating cytotoxic activities.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Investigative Dermatology|
|State||Published - Jul 1 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology